The nation observes today, November 30, the 152nd birth anniversary of Gat Andrés Bonifacio, supreme leader of the Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK), the revolutionary society which he formed to gain independence from the Spaniards from the 15th to 19th centuries.
It is also declared a regular holiday by President Benigno S. Aquino III through Proclamation No. 831 series of 2014. The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) also urged employees from the private sectors to abide by the required Holiday Pay Rules among their employees.
Historians said many controversies surround the tragic hero of the Philippine Revolution, one of which pertains to his arrest, trial, and death.
Bonifacio (November 30, 1863 – May 10, 1897) is often called “the Father of the Philippine Revolution and Filipino Nation”. Historians also said he is considered a de facto national hero of the Philippines and is also considered by some Filipino historians to be the first President of the Philippines (through the revolutionary government he established), but officially he is not recognized as such.
Bonifacio was born in Tondo, Manila, the son of Santiago Bonifacio, a native of Taguig, and Catalina de Castro, a native of Iba, Zambales. He was the eldest of six children. His siblings were Ciriaco, Procopio, Troadio, Esperidiona and Maxima.
His father was a tailor who served in the colonial government as a teniente mayor of Tondo, Manila, while his mother was a supervisor at a cigarette factory in Manila and was a mestiza born of a Spanish father and a Filipino-Chinese mother. As was custom, upon baptism he was named for the saint on whose feast he was born, Andrew the Apostle.
Caloocan City Mayor Oscar Malapitan leads the day-long activities in commemoration of the 152nd birth anniversary of Andres Bonifacio on Monday, at the Bonifacio Monument Circle (Monumento, BMC) at the corner of Epifanio delos Santos Avenue (EDSA) corner Rizal Avenue.
The festivities kicked off with the civic-military parade along EDSA toward the Bonifacio Monument Circle led by a parade including the Northern Police District, local police, firemen, jail guards, non-government organizations, rescue and disaster volunteers and city employees.
A flag raising ceremony followed led by Malapitan, Vice Mayor Macario Asistio III, Rep. Edgar Erice, Councilor Dale Gonzalo III, NPD director General Eric Serafin Reyes, relatives of Bonifacio and National Historical Commission of the Philippines representatives.
Wreathlaying took place followed by 21-gun salute and taps to be performed by the Army Reserved Command.
Metro Manila Development Authority officer in charge Emerson Carlos is the city government’s guest of honor.
In the evening, a countdown will feature the opening of Christmas lights at BMC to be followed by a musical concert featuring local band group, Brownman Revival. Motorists and commuters are advised to observe traffic reroutings leading to the venue on Monday.